Berberine is a natural compound found in a variety of plants, including goldenseal, barberry, and Oregon grape. It has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine to treat a variety of health conditions. Berberine can be classified into compounds called alkaloids.
It has been shown to possess incredible health benefits and has an essential impact on your body at the molecular level. In this article, we discuss how berberine may benefit your health.
Berberine has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. This may be due to its ability to activate an enzyme called AMPK, which helps regulate glucose metabolism.[2,3]
Moreover, it may promote the production of useful bacteria to slow the breakdown of carbohydrates in the gut. It may also help glycolysis and encourage the breakdown of sugars in the blood, thus lowering blood sugar .
According to a research study of 116 diabetic patients, 1 gram of berberine per day reduced fasting blood sugar by 20%. Additionally, berberine may effectively lower hemoglobin A1c, which measures long-term high blood sugar levels. It may also improve blood cholesterols and triglycerides .
Berberine may increase the activity of enzymes involved in fat metabolism and decrease the production of new fat cells. This is because it helps your body to control hormones like adiponectin and leptin that regulate fat cells. Additionally, Berberine has been suggested to help reduce inflammation which is often linked with obesity and metabolic disorders. A 12-week study of obese people found that taking 500 mg of berberine 3 times a day led to an average 5-pound weight loss .
Berberine may significantly improve heart health by helping to lower bad cholesterol in the blood and reducing high blood pressure. High blood pressure and cholesterol make the walls of the arteries weak and result in strokes and numerous other cardiovascular diseases .
Other Health Benefits
Berberine boasts a myriad of other potential health benefits. Berberine may also balance macrophages in the GI system. Macrophages are a pivotal part of the immune system which respond to invaders and can become detrimental to the host if they become chronically activated.
The Bottom Line
Berberine is a natural compound that has been traditionally used in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine for centuries. Recent scientific research has found that berberine may have a number of health benefits, including lowering blood sugar levels, lowering cholesterol and triglycerides, improving heart health, reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety, anti-inflammatory effects and promoting weight loss. Moreover, it may also have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and which may prove beneficial in improving heart, gut, and ovarian health.
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